文章摘要
刘亚菽.湛江市鉴江供水枢纽工程水库影响渔民后扶问题及解决方案探讨[J].广东水利水电,2018,(6):61-64
湛江市鉴江供水枢纽工程水库影响渔民后扶问题及解决方案探讨
Zhanjiang Jianjiang River Key Water Supply Control Project Reservoir Affecting Fishermen Later-stage Support Problem and Solution
投稿时间:2018-01-22  最后修改时间:2018-04-24
DOI:10.11905/j.issn.1008-0112.2018.06.016
中文关键词: 水库  影响、渔民  后扶
英文关键词: reservoir  affecting  fisherman  later-stage support
基金项目:
作者单位
刘亚菽 广东省水利电力勘测设计研究院,广东 广州 510635 
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中文摘要:
      鉴江供水枢纽工程在挡潮、蓄淡、防洪、供水等方面发挥了巨大效益,但工程的建设也对在出海口附近从事渔业捕捞的渔民及“连家船”生产、生活带来了巨大和长久的影响。根据我国现有政策,工程纳入到后扶范围的仅包括水库搬迁安置人口和淹没土地的生产安置人口,对水库影响的“连家船”及作业范围改变的渔民是否可算作后扶人口无明确规定,这样导致对库区受相同影响的不同群体采取了不同政策,从而带来群体间的不满和波动,渔民的频繁上访、阻工甚至诉讼不仅影响工程正常运行,也对地方社会稳定带来了不利影响。根据工程的特殊性、复杂性以及对影响现状进行调查分析,对渔民及“连家船”纳入水库后期扶持范围提出理由并对其他扶持方式提出建议。
英文摘要:
      Jianjiang River key water supply control project plays great benefit in tidal barrier, freshwater storage, flood control, water supply and so on, but the construction of the project also causes enormous and lasting effects on the production and life of fishermen fishing near the sea and fishermen on boat. According to China's current policy, the project later-stage support includes only the reservoir resettlement population and land flooded production resettlement population, and there is no clear stipulation that the influence of reservoir on fishermen on boat in and work scope affected fishermen can be counted as later support population, which leads to different policy on the reservoir area to different groups by the same effect, resulting in dissatisfaction and fluctuation between groups, causing fishermen frequent petitions, blocking even lawsuits, not only affect the normal operation of the project, also brought negative influence on local social stability. According to the particularity and complexity of the project and the investigation and analysis of the status influence, the paper puts forward reasons and suggestions on fishermen nearby and fishermen on boat into the reservoir later-stage support range.
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