This paper selected Shanwei City as the research region, based on USLE and spatial analysis technology of GIS, studied the spatial distribution characteristics of soil erosion intensity in Shanwei City and its relationship with land use. The results showed that soil erosion in Shanwei City was dominated by natural erosion, distributed in the mountainous areas of the west and parts of the southern coast, among them; mild erosion was the main type of natural erosion. In terms of spatial distribution of soil erosion, the largest erosion area was Lufeng City, followed by Haifeng County, the urban area was third, and Luhe County had the smallest soil erosion area. Judging from the relationship between soil erosion and land use, natural erosion was mainly distributed in forest, and other forest land, orchard, bare land also had small amount of erosion. This paper can provide decision-making reference for water and soil conservation planning in Shanwei City, to promote rational development and utilization of water and land resources in this region.